Pretty much everyone who has Internet service at home will have a wireless router. The modem is responsible for delivering the Internet to your home, while the router makes sure that your devices are able to connect to the Internet. The router can achieve this goal through a wired or wireless connection. There is a good chance that you’ve heard of dual band routers and the 2.4 and 5 GHz bands. To gain a better understanding of these bands, you should understand that your Internet is streamed across two frequency bands concurrently. Obviously, those bands at the 2.4 GHz and the 5 GHz.
Most people believe that the bigger number is always better. This might not always be true. In reality, the 2.4 GHz band is typically more important for ensuring longer range, whereas the 5 GHz band is all about lightning fast speeds.
Understanding 2 GHz Interference
If you take the time to look around your home, you will discover that a lot of your appliances work on the 2 GHz frequency (1). Wireless keyboards, mice, microwaves, baby monitors, and so many more household devices work on the same frequency. The 2.4 GHz frequency is lower, but there is a good chance that it will experience a lot of interference in your home. In return, that interference could negatively impact your connection.
Basics Of The 2.4 GHz Frequency
Several years ago, the mass majority of devices were only compatible with the 2.4 GHz frequency. In recent years, the 5 GHz frequency has become much more common. In fact, pretty much every new device out there will be compatible with the 5 GHz frequency. The 2.4 GHz frequency is actually capable of extending over a greater distance. This frequency is used frequently throughout the United States and North America in general. As mentioned above, this frequency is used by everything from baby monitors to wireless keyboards. Unfortunately, this frequency has fewer channels.
This means that the 2.4 GHz frequency is much more likely to experience congestion. In return, this can result in connection problems. However, there are some upsides to this frequency. If you need to stream the Wi-Fi connection through a lot of walls and other obstacles, the 2.4 GHz frequency will be your best friend. Just remember that the materials found in your walls can impact the overall performance of this frequency.
Basics Of The 5 GHz Frequency
Now, it is time to learn more about the 5 GHz frequency. In basic terms, the 5 GHz frequency is the exact opposite. This frequency is higher, but the range is shortened. The biggest factor between the two bands is the speed. With 5 GHz, the user will ultimately receive faster speeds. Far fewer devices rely on this frequency. Therefore, if you’re able to connect to the 5 GHz band, you’ll experience far less interference. In return, this will provide you with a more reliable and stable connection. The range is far shorter though. If you have a lot of walls and obstacles, you may have a difficult time getting a reliable connection on this frequency band.
It should also be known that the higher frequency will be able to support faster data transmission. This is pretty much what everyone needs and wants from their modem router at this point in time. When you’re connected to the 5 GHz band, you will experience far faster download and upload speeds. You’ll also be able to stream those high-definition videos without any troubles. While the 2.4 GHz band only has three channels, the 5 GHz band will provide you with 23 channels. Therefore, the interference will be greatly reduced.
Which Is Best?
So, which band is really best? There is no universal answer for this specific question. Instead, it really depends on your specific needs at the given time. In fact, you have already learned that there are benefits associated with both frequency bands. If you’re interested in extending your signal’s coverage, you’ll be better off with the 2.4 GHz frequency. However, there will be times when you need faster speeds. When you’re ready to play games online or stream HD videos, you’ll want to make the switch to the 5 GHz band. Consider your specific needs at the given time to find out which band is right for you.